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What Should We Call This Type of Chain?
What is commonly known as Viking Knit, Viking Chain Knitting, Wire Weaving, Viking Wire Weaving, Trichinopoly and the technique in my book Ancient Wire, is a series of loops like cursive e's or l's. The wire crosses itself as it loops through previous rows. A large version of these loops can be seen in the images from my Cloven Orange Ornament tutorial.
Woven wire chains of this type have been found at Birka (ca 800 -
In The Viking-
This diagram shows interconnected right side up and upside down U shaped loops, where each row would look something like
n u n u n u n u n u n u n -
I have not been able to find any other sources for the word Trichinopoly prior to Wilson & Blunt's use of it. Trichinopoly is a city in India, and that is all I can find, other than the recent use of the term to describe woven chains. I have seen photos of similar looking chains made in India, but either the photos were not clear enough to tell how they were made, or they were made using the loop in loop technique.
Great Wire Jewelry by Irene From Peterson ISBN 1-
In Textile Techniques in Metal by Arline Fisch ISBN 0-
In The Complete Metalsmith by Tim McCreight ISBN 0-
I _really_ want to see this chain and the Trewhiddle Scourge in person! :)
Because of the differences in naming, I don't always trust what the caption of the photo says.
Helene Jacobs / Baroness Betha